Tongue piercing, lip piercing, and other oral piercing procedures aren’t just inadvisable, they can bring great harm to your teeth and gums.
Tongue Piercing Proves Problematic
A tongue piercing, or piercing in the ears or elsewhere, is an age-old form of decorative body art and a powerful way for many to express themselves. In many cultures, including modern American culture, piercings are trendy. Demand for piercings is at an all-time high. There are more young people between the ages of 18 and 29 that have piercings than ever before. Over 40 percent of all US adults have at least one piercing.
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The rise in popularity of piercings amongst the young, particularly young adults and teens, isn’t just limited to the ears. Oral piercings, and tongue piercings, in particular, are also trendy. However, unlike piercings in the ears or other external bodily structures, piercings on the tongue and in the oral cavity can be significantly trickier to get right and lead to serious oral health issues. While tongue piercings, lip piercings, and other types of piercings into the oral cavity may look cool to teens, they can be hazardous for your health.
Is a tongue piercing attractive?
The Dangers of A Tongue Piercing
A tongue piercing may be a danger for a wide variety of reasons. The mouth, including the soft tissues of the gums, tongue, and teeth, are complex structures. These structures can be harmed when a piercing, such as a metal barbell, is thrown into the mix. Lips and tongue piercings can damage teeth, cause scrapes and cuts inside the mouth, and become severely infected.
Your mouth contains a multitude of bacteria. Mixing microbes and open wounds is never a good recipe for good oral health. Introducing microbes from the mouth into a cut or a scrape can lead to serious health problems including infections, abscesses, or even endocarditis. Oral piercings can be very bad for the health of your teeth and gums.
Oral Piercings Are Bad For Your Teeth
Oral piercings can scrape against your teeth causing visible damage. Accidentally biting down on a metal barbell or similar piece of oral jewelry can cause a tooth to fracture, chip, or break off altogether. Many patients come to us seeking to repair or replace teeth that are damaged due to contact with an oral piercing. If the crack or fracture in a tooth is deep enough or affects the roots, a root canal or total extraction may be necessary.
Oral Piercings Are Bad For Your Lips & Gums
Oral piercings will naturally make contact with the sensitive soft tissues in your mouth. Unfortunately, metal piercings are not particularly forgiving and will easily damage the inner lining of your mouth as well as your lips and gums. Scrapes and cuts are not only uncomfortable, but they can also quickly become infected leading to serious health problems. Furthermore, damage to the gums can lead to permanent scarring, gum recession, and exacerbate existing periodontal issues such as gingivitis or periodontitis.
Oral Piercings Are Bad For Your Daily Life
Beyond the potential to directly damage your teeth and gums, oral piercings may also be responsible for a host of other oral problems, such as uncontrollable drooling, difficulty eating, chewing, biting, and speaking, and may trigger allergic reactions.
What If I already have a tongue piercing?
Most dentists and oral doctors do not recommend oral piercings for aesthetic purposes. The potential risks to a person’s oral and dental health simply cannot be justified in most cases. However, many people will still choose to get a tongue or oral piercing(s). For these people, I want to provide the following advice so that you are cautious and extra vigilant and that you practice good oral hygiene habits.
Below are my tips for those seeking an oral piercing which I can't convince to forego or already have an oral piercing.
Always seek out a knowledgeable and trained piercing specialist. Like any professional, find a piercing specialist with experience and excellent track record of producing successful results. Always ask your piercer lots of questions and do not be afraid to walk away from a piercing parlor that you aren’t comfortable with or who do not practice in a hygienic environment.
Always ask your piercer if they have been vaccinated for Hepatitis B. This widespread disease can be easily spread through a dirty piercing needle and contact with blood or bodily fluids. Hepatitis B is a virus that attacks the liver and can cause fatal liver failure. Over 257 million people are estimated to be carriers of the hepatitis B virus.
Do not go to a piercing shot that uses a piercing gun. The use of piercing gun most likely indicates that the piercer is inexperienced. Furthermore, piercing guns do not produce clean results leading to partial pierces that can become infected.
Never use a used needle. Always use a new needle.
Ensure that jewelry is made from high quality, inert metals such as surgical steel, gold, or platinum. This greatly minimizes the chances of an allergic reaction. Cheap metals can trigger an allergic reaction that causes swelling and irritation.
After getting a piercing, it is crucial to keep the site of the fresh piercing as clean as possible. This can be difficult in the case or oral piercings because the mouth naturally contains millions of bacteria. Always rinse the site of your piercing after every meal using a saline solution (salt water) to wash away food debris and control local bacteria.
Do not kiss someone or share drinks with them while the piercing is healing. Kissing and sharing drinks can introduce new microbes to the site of the wound leading and potentially lead to an infection.
Avoid foods and drinks that are too spicy, salty, or sugary. Spicy, salty, and sugary foods and beverages can delay healing or irritate the wound.
While tongue piercings and other intraoral piercings may look cool, they can be a dental and oral health nightmare. Parents should think twice about allowing their children to get oral piercings. Adults seeking tongue and lip piercings should also consider the potential health risks associated with having jewelry in the mouth before making a decision. Finally, those who choose to get intraoral jewelry should practice careful hygiene and the utmost caution to avoid unintentionally damaging their gums and teeth.
DR. REZA KHAZAIE